Who am I ?

How would I introduce myself at this age of 60 +..: As a politician with transformative mindset? As a mother with womb-full of class, gender, ethnic, regional and marginal issues? As a grandmother with full aspiration to make the grandson as gende-sensitive and environment-sensitive as possible! And as a political wife who nudges her political husband to be a statesman! Meanwhile follow my life line to know more about myself!

My life is a rainbow of all the tendencies! Before I was 10 I had chirpy upbringing, being the youngest among seven children I had scars on both my shins jumping, running and summersaulting (some are still with me). In Kanyamandir High School I was one of the leaders who would lead bunch of my classmates to complain why teachers came lat in the principal’s office.

After the death of my mother, my sister Timila Yami Thapa (www.timilayamithapa.com) takes me to Indian Institute of Technologogy, Kanpur (IIT,Kanpur) where I am admitted to Kendriya Vidhyalaya school at the age of 11. Here I become jack of all trade master of non, getting certificates after certificates for being a good singer, an athlete but an average student. Amidst all the toppers in IITK girl’s hostel I was a girl child growing in their laps.

At the age of 16 I reach Delhi School of Planning and Architecture in New Delhi to do batchelor of Architecture. I get cultural shock to see a hostel where girls and boys shared everything except bed and bathroom. I meet Baburam Bhattarai who introduces me to my late father Dharma Ratna Yami (www.dharmaheera.com) and mother (Heera Devi Yami) as political parents. I eventually become not only political but get entangled into political marriage with him (1981). I become cultural secretary, treasurer and eventually general secretary of All India Nepalese Students Association. I also joined Nepal Ekta Samaj, the oversea worker’s front belonging to the banned Nepal Communist Party Masal. Eventually I become a member of NCP(Masal).

At the age of 22 I came back to Kathmandu to join Institute of Engineering as a lecturer. I was elected as treaserer in Nepal Engineer’s Association  (1985-87). However I was more known in street as a rebel against the king than as a lecturer. I was repeatedly arrested: in 1990 alone I was arrested thrice for being anti-monarchist. I was also involved in thwarting the first beauty pageant held immediately after first Janandolan in 1990. I was not allowed to be recruited as a permanent staff in Institute of Engineering Pulchok (IoE) , under Tribhuvan University for nearly 10 years. In fact pressures came directly from the palace to the concerned authorities of IoE to kick me out of the job, luckily every time I was imprisoned it coincided with holidays. Since I did not miss my classes the authority in the institute stood by me.

At the age of 26 I give birth to a daughter Manushi Yami Bhattarai. Along with my 8 years daughter I went to New Castle Upon Tyne University in UK to do Masters in Architecture in Housing. Studying in a capitalist country I became more communist when I came back to Nepal after completing my studies. I was already in touch with RIM ( Revolutionary International Movement) and Save Gonzalo movement in both London and Dusseldorf in Geramany.

In 1995 I came back to Kathmandu to join my teaching in IOE Pulchowk. I again was arrested twice: I was arrested for showing black flags to Hillary Clinton when she visited Kathmandu. The second time I was arrested for fighting againt dictatorial actions of ruling United Marxist Leninist Party (UML). I was elected as a President of All Nepal Woman’s Organization (Revolutionary) (1995-97).

At the age of 37 in 1996 I went underground after 13 years of my teaching job joining People’s War (1996-2006). I thus become  whole timer for the first time. Within 10 years span of PW I worked as member of Prachanda’s Central Head quarter secretariat followed by being a member of Overseas Bureau of CPN (maoist) party, a head of women’s department, a member of International Department and finally worked as the secretary of the People’s Power Consolidation Department in Rolpa, the bastion of PW. I along with some of our comrades were taken disciplinary actions for six months when we questioned some of the dictatorial tendencies in the Party leadership. We all were demoted to merely general party members.

At the age of 48 I became Minister of Physical Planning and Works in 2007 followed by Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviationin 2008 and also followed by Minister of  Land Reform and Management in 2011 after our Party came to peace process in 2006.

In 2015 we formed a new party by the name Naya Shakti Nepal in which I was one of the members of head quarter. In 2019 we formed a new party Samajbadi Party in which I was vice president of the party. In 2020 we formed a new Party Janata Samajbadi Party in which I am an executive member.

I started as jack of all trade when i was young but now after 60’s i am trying to be jack of all trade and master on inclusive issues particularly on gender issues. However I still am exploring who am I ?

Timeline of Hisila Yami

1959, June 25

Hisila Yami, youngest of seven children, is born to Dharma Ratna Yami and Heera Devi Yami in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal.

Jan. 1970

Mother, Heera Devi Yami dies.

1971

Hisila Yami goes to study in Central School, IIT Kanpur, India where her sister Timila Yami is studying electrical engineering.

Sept 1975

Father Dharma Ratna Yami dies.

1975

Hisila Yami joins B.Arch. in School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), New Delhi after passing higher Secondary examination from Central School, IIT Kanpur.

1977

In 1977 she meets Baburam Bhattarai  (her future husband) in SPA  where he comes to join Town & Country planning under M.Arch.

Baburam Bhattarai becomes a founder member of All India Nepalese Student’s Association (AINSA). The same year he is ellected the first president of AINSA.

1978-1979

Hisila Yami becomes a Cultutal Secretary of All India Nepalese Student’s Association (AINSA).

1980-1981

Hisila Yami becomes a Treasurer of All India Nepalese Student’s Association (AINSA).

1981

Hisila Yami becomes communist party member by joining CPN(Masal).

March 29,1981

Hisila and Baburam Bhattarai are married under court marriage in presence of Swami Agnivesh, crusader of Bandhuwa majdoor and Member of parliament. The turning point in my life.

1981-1982

Hisila Yami becomes a General Secretary of All India Nepalese Student’s Association (AINSA).

1983

Hisila Yami returns to Nepal to teach at Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University. Baburam Bhattarai is still pursuing his Ph.D. in Jawaharlal Nehru University.

January, 1986

Manushi Yami Bhattarai our daughter is born in Kathmandu.

January, 1986

Baburam Bhattarai completes his Ph.D. from JNU and his thesis topic is: Nature of underdevelopment and regional structure of Nepal: A Marxist analysis. He returns to Nepal to work as political activist.

March, 1990

Hisila Yami is taken to police custody for attending 8th March programme in connection with preparing for People’s Movement I. This is her first experience of police custody.

March, 1990

Hisila Yami is arrested for the second time this time sent to women’s jail for participating in seminar organized by intellectuals in TU in connection with preparing for People’s Movement I.

1990

Hisila Yami and Krishna Prasad Bhattari declared as woman and man of the year by the popular magazine ‘Antarastriya Manch’.

September, 1990

Hisila Yami is arrested for the third time and sent to police custody for allegedly throwing stone on queen Aiswarya. Ironically it is the same Krishna Prasad Bhattarai who had now become Prime Minister after the formation of interim government.

1993–1995

Hisila Yami goes to University of New Castle upon Tyne, in UK for M. Arch in international Housing. The topic of the thesis: ‘Gender Issues in Housing in Nepal’.

1995

After returning from UK Hisila Yami is arrested for the fourth time and taken to police custody by UML lead government on wall episode. Baburam Bhattarai attacked by students affiliated to UML on the same incident.

1995

Hisila Yami is arrested for the fifth time and taken to police custody for showing black flag to Hillary Clinton for abetting arrest of Gujman, the Chairman of Peruvian Communist Party.

1995

: Hisila Yami becomes president of All Nepal Women’s Association (Revolutionary).

February 1995

Hisila Yami attends the historic Third extended meeting of CPN (Unity Center) takes place in Chitwan where military plan is made to launch PW. In place of CPN (Unity Center) a new name is given to the party as Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) CPN (Maoist).

13 February 1996

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) launches a People’s War with concentrated attack on six districts together with small attacks nearing 600 indifferent parts of Nepal. The government dismisses it as short-lived movement, which, will be controlled within three months.

13 February 1996

Hisila Yami joins People’s War by going underground, leaving her 13 years of teaching career in Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk

September 1998

Fourth extended meeting of CPN (Maoist) held. The first Two Line Struggle (2LS) on question of centralization of the leadership after PW starts. BRB is targeted for raising voice against monolithic tendency in the party. Also plan to create base area is mooted. This was Hisila Yami’s first experience of 2LS within the party.

February 2001

Second National Conference held in Bhatinda (India) where Baburam Bhattarai’s line of formation of interim government, formation of people’s constitution under interim government was passed. I became Central Committee Member of the Party for the first time.

July 1, 2001

: Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties & Organizations (CCOMPOSA) consisting of nine Maoist Parties formed in Silligurhi in India with active participation of CPN(Maoist).  I was representing Nepal in capacity of being the member of International department of CPN (Maoist).

April 23, 2002

Through INTERPOL government issued red Corner notice to Maoist leaders. Government announces 35-50 lakhs for those who help in capturing the leaders. Hisila Yami too gets tagged on her head as fugitive.

2004

Hisila Yami  becomes a Politburo member of the Party.

August,  2004

Hisila Yami nominated as the secretary of People’s Government Consolidated Department  (jansatta sudhrikaran bibhag) under Mid-Central Command.

January 27, 2005

Baburam Bhattarai and Hisila Yami along with other leaders are taken political action in extended CC meeting in Labhang in Rukum for taking line of democratic republic as against compromise with King taken by Prachanda. They are reduced to party members and are put under the surveillance of PLA. This is Hisila Yami’s sixth arrest done by her own party.

July 2005

BRB and Hisila Yami reinstated to their formal leadership positions respectively  after loosing in the Khara battle against the Royal Nepal Army.

21 November 2006

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement declares the end of the civil war and creates a roadmap for election to CA.

15 January 2007

An interim Parliament constituted with interim Constitution replacing 1990 Constitution. 83 Maoists are inducted into Parliament including Hisila Yami.

1 April 2007

An interim government formed with Maoist Ministers under the PM GP Koirala. Hisila Yami becomes Minister of Physical Planning and Works. In sept 18, 2007 we left the government and rejoined and rejoined in

10 April 2008

The first election to CA held and Maoists emerge as the single largest party. Out of 601 seats: the Maoists got 120 seats through first past the post numbering total 229.  BRB won in Gorkha constituency no 2 with the highest vote in whole of Nepal. Hisila Yami won from Kathmandu constituency no 7.

28 May 2008

The CA holds its first meeting. The monarchy is abolished. It is declared that Nepal will have Federal Democratic Republic Constitution. Hisila Yami was participant in this historic meeting.

10 April 2008

the first election to CA held and Maoists emerge as the single largest party. Out of 601 seats: the Maoists got 120 seats through first past the post numbering total 229.  BRB won in Gorkha constituency no 2 with the highest vote in whole of Nepal. Hisila Yami won from Kathmandu constituency no 7.

18, August, 2008

CPN (Maoist) chairperson Prachanda becomes the first prime minister of republic Nepal.

August 2008

Hisila Yami becomes the Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Baburam Bhattarai becomes Finance Minister under PM Prachanda.

March 2009

Manush, Hisila Yami’s daughter elected to General Secretary in Free Student’s Union of Tribhuvan University with highest vote. She is the first woman candidate to win the post in Free Student’s Union history in TU.

May 2009

The Maoist-led government dismisses the COAS Rukmangad Katwal for defying Maoist Minister of Defense on 3 May. President Yadav asks COAS to stay on. On 4 May 2009, PM Prachanda resigns from office, terming the President’s move unconstitutional and blames foreign forces for his fall.

July 2011

Hisila Yami becomes Minister of Land Reform and Management under Jhalanath Khanal as PM.

29, August, 2011

Baburam Bhattari is elected PM with the support  of Madhesi parties. Hisila Yami continues to become a member of Constituent Assembly.

27 May, 2012

First Constituent Assembly is dissolved. Hisila Yami no longer the member of the CA while BRB continues to become the PM of Nepal.

March 2013

BRB hands over the government to interim election government headed by Chief Justice Khila Raj Regmi so as to hold polls to elect a second CA. Members of the Council of Ministers include former bureaucrats.

19 November 2013

Nepal holds election for a second CA. Hisila Yami loses from her constituency in kathmandu district. Baburam Bhattarai wins from Gorkha.

April 25, 2015

7.8 Richter scale earthquake strikes middle region of Nepal. The same month another one, more than 7 Richter scale, devastates the region further. We survive both the earthquakes.

September 22, 2015

Baburam Bhattarai announces his resignation for good from the Maoist Party in front of the press meet. He also announces his resignation from legislature parliament. He starts a movement for forming a Naya Shakti, Nepal. Hisila Yami too leaves Maoist Party to join Naya Shakti, Nepal.

Feb 14, 2016

Manushi Yami Bhattari weds Jekendra Shrestha.

April 2 2017

Hisila Yami along with baburam bhattrarai with others were detained infront of election commission office for not giving right to participate in election with their own party symbol and put under police custody.

May 6, 2019

Naya Shakti Nepal and Sanghiya Samjbad Forum Nepal becomes one to form a new Party Samajbadi Party Nepal. I am nominated as the vice President of the Party.

22 April, 2020

Samjbadi Party Nepal and Rashrtriya Janata Party Nepal merges together to form a new Party, Janata Samjbad Party Nepal. I become an central executive member.